Arthur holmes radiometric dating
Both geologists and biologists had trouble accepting such a short age for Earth.
Charles Darwin, who had studied Lyell's work, had proposed his theory of the evolution of organisms by natural selection, a process involving random variation and cumulative selection requiring great expanses of time. In a lecture in 1869, Darwin's great advocate Thomas H.
He assumed that Earth had been created as a completely molten ball of rock, and determined the amount of time it took for the ball to cool to its present temperature.
Inclusions rich in calcium and aluminum – the oldest known solid constituents within meteorites that are formed within the Solar System – are 4.567 billion years old, suggesting an age for the Solar System and an upper limit for the age of Earth.
Lomonosov's ideas were mostly speculative, but in 1779, the French naturalist the Comte du Buffon tried to obtain a value for the age of Earth using an experiment: He created a small globe that resembled Earth in composition and then measured its rate of cooling.