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Capharnaum Simon settled in Capharnaum, where he was living with his mother-in-law in his own house ( Matthew ; Luke ) at the beginning of Christ's public ministry (about A. Peter meets Our Lord Like so many of his Jewish contemporaries, he was attracted by the Baptist's preaching of penance and was, with his brother Andrew, among John's associates in Bethania on the eastern bank of the Jordan.
The Apostle Andrew was his brother, and the Apostle Philip came from the same town. Simon was thus married, and, according to Clement of Alexandria (Stromata, III, vi, ed. The same writer relates the tradition that Peter's wife suffered martyrdom (ibid., VII, xi ed. Simon pursued in Capharnaum the profitable occupation of fisherman in Lake Genesareth, possessing his own boat ( Luke 5:3 ).
Peter's true and original name was Simon, sometimes occurring in the form Symeon . He was the son of Jona (Johannes) and was born in Bethsaida ( John , 44 ), a town on Lake Genesareth, the position of which cannot be established with certainty, although it is usually sought at the northern end of the lake. Eccl., III, xxxi) from Clement, the ancient Christian literature which has come down to us is silent.
Already, at this first meeting, the Saviour foretold the change of Simon's name to Cephas ( Kephas ; Aramaic Kipha , rock), which is translated Petros (Latin, Petrus ) a proof that Christ had already special views with regard to Simon.
Though of irresolute character, he clings with the greatest fidelity, firmness of faith, and inward love to the Saviour ; rash alike in word and act, he is full of zeal and enthusiasm, though momentarily easily accessible to external influences and intimidated by difficulties.
The more prominent the Apostles become in the Evangelical narrative, the more conspicuous does Peter appear as the first among them. et imposuit Simoni nomen Petrus"; Luke -14 : "Et cum dies factus esset, vocavit discipulos suos, et elegit duodecim ex ipsis (quos et Apostolos nominavit): Simonem, quem cognominavit Petrum . ." On various occasions Peter speaks in the name of the other Apostles ( Matthew ; ; Luke , etc.).
On several occasions also Christ favoured him above all the others; He enters Peter's boat on Lake Genesareth to preach to the multitude on the shore ( Luke 5:3 ); when He was miraculously walking upon the waters, He called Peter to come to Him across the lake ( Matthew sqq." The Apostles answered: "Some John the Baptist, and other some Elias, and others Jeremias, or one of the prophets ".Jesus said to them: "But whom do you say that I am?Michael over all the angels ; they say he is called "archangel" because he is the prince of the other angels ; others (cf. The Roman Liturgy seems to follow the Greek Fathers ; it calls him "Princeps militiae coelestis quem honorificant angelorum cives". In some parishes (Isle of Skye) they had a procession on this day and baked a cake, called St. Any unauthorized use, without prior written consent of Catholic Online is strictly forbidden and prohibited.
Michael is said to have drawn from the rock at Colossae (Chonae, the present Khonas, on the Lycus). Peter may be conveniently considered under the following heads: I. Missionary Journeys in the East; The Council of the Apostles IV. Later, meeting his brother Simon, Andrew said "We have found the Messias ", and brought him to Jesus, who, looking upon him, said: "Thou art Simon the son of Jona: thou shalt be called Cephas, which is interpreted Peter".