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Austria was thus the first to go to war in the July Crisis, which would ultimately escalate into World War I.
After the collapse of the Habsburg (Austro-Hungarian) Empire in 1918 at the end of World War I, Austria adopted and used the name the Republic of German-Austria ( This lasted until the end of World War II in 1945, after which Germany was occupied by the Allies and Austria's former democratic constitution was restored.
After the defeat of France in the 1870-1 Franco-Prussian War, Austria was excluded from the new German Empire, although in the following decades, its politics, and its foreign policy, increasingly converged with those of the Prussian-led Empire.
The Habsburgs began also to accumulate territory far from the hereditary lands.
Today, Austria is a parliamentary representative democracy comprising nine federal states.
Other major urban areas of Austria include Graz, Linz, Salzburg and Innsbruck.
In 1955, the Austrian State Treaty re-established Austria as a sovereign state, ending the occupation.
In the same year, the Austrian Parliament created the Declaration of Neutrality which declared that the Second Austrian Republic would become permanently neutral.
the Central European land that is now Austria was occupied in pre-Roman times by various Celtic tribes.